Gender Budgeting: will Australia step up?

in Commentary , Tagged Gender Budgeting, Budget, Gender Mainstreamng.
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    Marie Coleman AO

    National Foundation for Australian Women

    Awarded an AO for distinguished service to the advancement of women, Marie Coleman’s name has been synonymous with the women’s movement in Australia for the past 60 years. At 77 she maintains her indignation at the gender pay gap, and has championed everything from universal access to paid maternity leave to gay rights marriage. ‘A lot of these issues take tremendous persistence’, she says.

    She was the first woman in Australia to head a statutory authority when she chaired the Whitlam Government’s Social Welfare Commission in 1973. She had a long and distinguished career in public service, being awarded a Public Service Medal in 1990 and a Centenary Medal in 2011.

    She was a founding member in 1989 of the NFAW and chairs the Social Policy Committee, which plays a leadership role for women’s organisations nationally in the research and analysis of the impacts of policies on woman. She is also a committee member for the Australian Woman’s Archives Project.

    She has been inducted into the Victorian Parliament’s Honour Roll of Women and the ACT Honour Roll of Women and is a patron of the Australian Reproductive Health Alliance.

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Commentary:

Is Australia dragging the chain when it comes to tackling entrenched gender inequities that require new policy settings? As the OECD's recent report on Gender Budgeting  points out - traditionally most countries didn't design public polices with gender equality as a primary consideration. However, "Today many disparities and inequalities between the sexes appear to have become embedded, to a greater or lesser extent, in the baseline of public policies and the allocation of public resources. The negative impacts of this legacy are evident across many policy domains, including labour market, education and health outcomes, as well as gender disparities in management and leadership."



 

"In recent decades, work has been pioneered by international organisations and others to promote “gender mainstreaming”. Gender budgeting is the application of gender mainstreaming in the budgetary process, and we now know that almost half all OECD countries (15 out of 34) have either introduced gender responsive budgeting, or are in the process of doing so. But... Australia is not one of them. 



Here one of the giants of the Australian Women's movement, Marie Coleman AO PSM - who shows no sign of giving up the fight for women's economic security, despite more than eight decades in the ring - lays out the case for Gender Budgeting in Australia.

 


Why the need for gender budgeting? And what is it?

A couple of weeks after the the Treasurer delivered the 2017 Federal Budget in May, the National Foundation of Australian Women (NFAW) released its fourth Budget analysis[1], putting a focus on measures which disproportionately affect women. The analysis covered a wide range of portfolios exploring the savings, expenditure and revenue measures in great detail.

Gender budgeting  is a way of analysing the budget for its impact on women and men and its effect on gender equality

Gender budgeting  is a way of analysing the budget for its impact on women and men and its effect on gender equality. But why does this matter?

To illustrate our point, consider the following finding from our analysis - which is not disputed by Government.[3] Due to the Effective Marginal Tax Rates, the combined effects of new tax and transfer measures will mean that some graduates on incomes around $51,000.00 p.a. will actually have less disposable income than someone earning $31.000.00.

If the Government had a policy of gender aware budgeting in place, each Ministerial portfolio would have the responsibility to examine its revenue savings and expenditure measures to assess the distributional impact (on specific income quintiles), as well as assess if women (likely to be massed  in lower income quintiles) are disproportionately impacted.

Marie, Virginia and Helen L’Orange – at the 2017 NFAW Annual Dinner

Helen L’Orange, Marie Coleman and Virginia Haussegger at the 2017 NFAW Annual Dinner, NPC, Canberra

The first Australian gender budgeting commenced in the Hawke Government. The budgeting process involved several pieces of gender machinery of Government. Each Minister was required to provide a statement on each Cabinet Submission which outlined the impact on women.

Each department was required to establish a Women’s Desk, charged with responsibility for coordinating with the Office for the Status of Women

Each department was required to establish a Women’s Desk, charged with responsibility for coordinating with the Office for the Status of Women, and assisting the departmental executive to review and institute processes which would ensure awareness of the impacts on women of departmental policies, programs and employment strategies.  The (then) Public Service Board had already developed APS wide gender employment strategies: for example, every selection committee must include a female member regardless of the classification of the position for which applicants were being interviewed. Permanent part-time work status was also established.

... successive Governments continued to produce Women’s Budget Statements until 2014. These progressively became stock Ministerial ‘glossies’

The process was discontinued by Prime Minister Keating. However, successive Governments continued to produce Women’s Budget Statements until 2014. These progressively became stock Ministerial ‘glossies’, and did not reflect specific gender budgeting. Nonetheless in 2006, the then Minister for Women Julie Bishop described the process as follows:

“Creating the budget material is still a whole-of-government process of consultation, with responsibility of gender analysis on individual departments and in consultation, where necessary, with the Office For Women.  The collaborative nature of the production of the document ensures that the impact of initiatives on women and men is conducted by line agencies, the Office for Women, the Treasury and the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, as part of the budget process. [4]

Over the years of the Hawke Government many of the gender budgeting processes were watered down and gradually abandoned. Little was done to develop the analytical skills required for departments to appropriately measure the impacts of their policies and programs for women.

Many people muddle the concepts of a women’s budget statement and the process of gender budgeting.

Many people muddle the concepts of a women’s budget statement and the process of gender budgeting. The NFAW  argues that the statement needs to be based on true gender budgeting to hold any value.

The NFAW’s gender lens offers independent, publicly available critique. It is to some degree comparable to the excellent work done by the Women’s Budget Group in the United Kingdom, although NFAW’s Gender Lens is entirely a volunteer product.

For more on gender budgeting, read the full Gender Lens report on the budget from the National Foundation for Australian Women

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